Education level affects mothers' employment
Having a young family, with children less than 15 years old, continues to affect women's employment arrangements more than it does men according to latest data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The Survey of Education and Work 2018 showed that while 28 per cent of mothers took time out of employment, or did not work, for fathers the figure was 4 per cent.Mothers are also more likely to work part-time than fathers (39 per cent compared with 7 per cent).
The survey also identified that the proportion of women with young children who are employed increases with the mother's level of education, with 79 per cent of mothers with a Bachelor Degree or higher being employed, compared with 53 per cent of mothers with qualifications below a Certificate III. The level of education has a much smaller effect on employment for fathers with young children, with 96 per cent with a Bachelor Degree or higher being employed, compared with 89 per cent below a Certificate III. More broadly, women aged 20-64 years are more likely than ever to gain a non-school qualification (e.g. a Certificate III or a Bachelor Degree).
The ABS 15 year time-series shows that since 2004 the proportion of women attaining a non-school qualification has increased significantly from 53 per cent in 2004 to reach around the same proportion as men in 2018, with around 2 out of 3 men and women having attained a non-school qualification.